Map/Chart > New England & Maine
A chart of Boston Bay showing all of the islands, approaches and sand banks
A very simple sketch which probably formed the basis of later charts. It shows soundings and some important features of the time.
|Hydrographer/Surveyor/Artist:||Unknown (possibly George Callendar)|
|Size Of Original:||w 43" x h 31.5"|
|Paper Type||Innova Smooth Cotton 315gsm|
This 1769 chart is not signed and contains soundings and fathom marks (but not in areas such as the Charles River or above ‘Charles Town’ and Noodle Island). Although there is little notation on the chart, there are some delightful, almost child-like touches, including a representation of the beacon on Beacon Hill in Boston and churches at Dorchester, Cambridge and Milton.
The chart also depicts the Lighthouse on Brewster Island which was built in 1716 and was the first lighthouse in the New World - it was later destroyed by the Rebels in 1775 and again by the British in 1776. This chart is undoubtedly related to other very similar surveys including the 'Plan of Boston Harbour' held at in the National Maritime Museum, London (dated 1770) which is unsigned but is accredited to George Callendar, and shows soundings and fathom marks.
It is possible that this 1769 chart is one of the Callendar 'roughs' which Des Barres used for his 1775 chart which included soundings and nautical remarks from earlier surveys by Callendar (see Heritage Chart A102) and first published in the Atlantic Neptune folio.