Map/Chart > New Zealand
Original Chart of New Zealand by the Master of H.M.S. Endeavour, James Cook.
The first whole Map of New Zealand
|Hydrographer/Surveyor/Artist:||James Cook & Richard Pickersgill|
|Size Of Original:||w23" x h27"|
|Paper Type||Cotton Rag|
The full title of this rather scruffy chart, reads 'Original Chart of New Zealand by the Master of H.M.S Endeavour. CAP'T JAMES COOK. 1770 (This is the first complete charts of New Zealand). Without detracting from the importance of this first complete chart/survey of the Islands, it should be noted that the draftsmanship belongs to Cook's Master's-Mate on board the Endeavour; Richard Pickersgill. Pickersgill was highly esteemed by Cook for his skills as a surveyor, his abilities to work and deal with the indigenous peoples they encountered as well as for his judgment. After the voyage Cook recommended Pickersgill to the rank of Lieutenant. Also of note is that when this voyage started Cook himself was only a Lieutenant.
One of the most important factors in the making of the whole chart of New Zealand is that while it is undoubtedly the culmination of several smaller surveys but it is also an excellent example of Cook's mastery of the 'running survey'. His depiction of the coast was excellent and strikingly accurate, a features of all of Cook's work. Included on the chart around the entire coastline are written notes and descriptions as to snow-capped mountains, forests, sandy 'barren' beaches and forests.